KUNJUNGAN SITUS BUDAYA


Kunjungan Situs Budaya merupakan salah satu rangkaian dari kegiatan Kemah Budaya. Kegiatan ini dilaksanakan pada tanggal 14 Februari 2020 yang diikuti oleh dua perwakilan dari tiap sekolah. Kunjungan situs ini bertujuan untuk mengeksistensikan kembali nilai-nilai kearifan lokal di Kabupaten Wajo terkhusus pada khazanah sejarahnya. Situs-situs yang dikunjungi pada kegiatan ini adalah Masjid Tua Makam Syekh Jamaluddin Al Akbar Al Husaini, Geddonge, makam Arung Matoa XXIII La Tenri Lai To Senggeng, Pohon Asam,  Arung Matoa ke IV La Tadampare Puangri Maggalatung, Arung Matoa XXX La Salawangeng To Tenri Rua, , dan Arung Matoa Wajo V La Tenripakado To Nampe.


Pada kegiatan ini  setiap situs yang dikunjungi dirangkaiankan dengan  penjelasan sejarahnya yang dijelaskan oleh kakanda Abdul Malik. Situs yang pertama dikunjungi adalah situs Masjid Tua Makam Syekh Jamaluddin Al Akbar Al Husaini. Masjid ini dibangun dengan bahan-bahan dari gunung yang perekatnya diambil dari putih telur. Masjid ini juga termasuk benteng pertahanan Kerajaan Wajo (Benteng Pola).


Setelah dari Masjid Tua, perjalanan dilanjutkan ke Geddonge. Geddonge dibuat pada masa pemerintahan Arung Matoa La Salewangeng To Tenriruwa (1715). Geddonge ini merupakan gudang atau koperasi yang digunakan sebagai tempat penyimpanan makanan, persenjataan, mesiu, serta hasil bisnis perdagangan lainnya. Terdapat dua bangunan Geddonge, yaitu Geddonge yang berada di Tosora  dan Geddonge yang berada di Lagosi.


Kemudian kunjungan dilanjutkan ke makam Arung Matowa XXIII La Tenri Lai To Sengngeng. Pada masa pemerintahannya, beliau terlibat dalam perang Makassar dan terdapat banyak pasukan Wajo yang gugur pada medang perang. Setelah Kerajaan Makassar dikalahkan yang ditandai dengan perjanjian antara Makassar dan VOC. Karena La Tenri Lai tidak sepakat dengan ini perjanjian itu, sehingga dia kembali ke Wajo untuk mempersiapkan adanya penyerangan ke Wajo. Tidak lama setelah ia sampai di Wajo, datanglah utusan dari Arung Palakka namun beliau menolak tawaran orang itu, sehingga Wajo diserang oleh Bone, VOC, Soppeng, Buton, dan Banten. Perang di Tosora terjadi sekitar bulan Agustus tahun 1670 dan dikalahkan pada bulan Oktober yang mana disebut sebagai Rumpa’na Tosora. Bulan November Wajo terpaksa menandatangani perjanjian dengan VOC.


Setelah kunjungan ke makam Arung Matowa XXIII La Tenri Lai To Sengngeng, dilakukan kunjungan ke Pohon Asam di Wajo-Wajo. Di tempat inilah terjadi sebuah peristiwa dimana dikenal sebagai perjanjian Lapadeppa sekitar tahun 1474. Inti perjanjian mengangkat harkat dan martabat orang-orang Wajo, serta sebagai peralihan dari era Batara menjadi Arung Matowa. Perjanjian itu diucapkan oleh La Tiringeng To Taba sebagai Inangna To Wajoe, yang disaksikan oleh roh para nenek moyang, semua yang ada di empat penjuru mata angin dan dewata seuwae. Penegasannya ada pada Ade’ Amaradekangeng yang menjelaskan tentang orang Wajo sejak lahir ia sudah merdeka bahkan sejak ia dalam kandungan ia sudah merdeka, dan hanya tanah yang menjadi ata (budak). Ade’ Assimanaturuseng yang menjelaskan tentang kebebasan orang-orang Wajo.


Setelah kunjungan ke Pohon Asam, dilakukan kunjujngan ke dilakukan kunjungan ke makam La Tadampare Puangri Maggalatung adalah Arung Matowa Wajo IV. Dimasa beliau menjabat sebagai Arung Matowa, Wajo berada pada puncak kejayaan dan keemasannya. Wilayah Wajo pada saat itu meliputi Sidenreng, Enrekang, Suppa, Soppeng, Lamuru, sebagian Bone, dan sebagian Luwu. Beliau adalah sosok cedikiawan , negarawan dan ahli strategi perang. Beliau juga sangat peduli dengan rakyatnya. Misalnya perlakuan beliau menjelang magrib, beliau berjalan di wilayah kerajaan dan ketika dia mendapatkan seorang anak kecil yang tidak memiliki pakaian dia akan memberinya pakaian , ketika mendapatkan orang yang belum makan dia akan memanggilnya ke rumahnya untuk diberi makan.


Kunjungan situs kemudian dilanjutkan ke makam La Tenri Pakado To Nampe.  La Tenri Pakado To Nampe ini merupakan anak dari Arung Matoa IV yang nantinya akan menjabat menjadi Arung Matowa V. Sebelum diangkat menjadi Arung Matoa, pada saat itu kondisi Arung Matowa IV sudah menua dan berwasiat bahwa yang akan menggantikannya sebagai Arung Matowa yaitu “anaknya”. Karena wasiat itu, hadat Wajo melakukan pertemuan untuk membahas wasiatnya, dalam pertemuan tersebut terpecah menjadi dua kubu salah satunya ingin tetap pada landasan Kerajaan Wajo yang dulunya menganut sistem monarki absolut kemudian berubah menjadi monarki konstitusional. Perdebatan itu didengar oleh seorang anak yang berumur sekitar 8 tahun bernama La Paturusi To Maddauleng yang sedang bermain kemiri disamping baruga pertemuan sambil tertawa  seakan mengejek . Salah seorang hadat Wajo yang melihat menyarankan kepada ayah La Paturusi yakni La Tiringeng untuk mendengarkan pendapat La Paturusi, namun La Tiringeng menolak akan hal itu tetapi  hadat Wajo mendesak La Tiringeng. Akhirnya, La Tiringeng sepakat dan membawa Lapaturusi ke rumah La Tadampare untuk menyampaikan pendapatnya, dari balik jendela rumah La Tadampare ia melihat La Tiringeng membawa seorang anak kecil dan La Tadampare menganggap orang Wajo tidak waras lagi megnapa seorang anak kecil yang ia kirimkan untuk bertemu dengannya. La Paturusi kemudian dipersilahkan untuk masuk dan menjelaskan apa maksudnya, dengan lantangnya La Paturusi mengatakan siapapun orang tuanya ketika ia menginginkan kebaikan Wajo maka ia adalah anakmu, biarpun itu anak kandungmu bahkan keluar dari bola matamu ketika dia tidak menginginkan kebaikan untuk Wajo maka dia bukan anakmu.


Kunjungan terakhir dilakukan di makam La Salewangeng To Tenriruwa yang merupakan Arung Matoa Wajo XXX yang menjabat sekitar tahun 1715. beliau salah satu Arung Matoa yang memerintah Kerajaan Wajo membawa dari kondisi Wajo tidak memiliki apapun, baik dari segi pertanian, ekonomi, peralatan perang, dan pasukan. Beliau dalam membangun komunikasi bisnis dengan orang Wajo yang telah sukses di perantauannya. Karena setelah perang Tosora terjadi banyak orang Wajo yang pergi keluar dari Wajo (sompe’), ada yang berada di Sumatra, Kalimantan, bahkan ada yang berada di daerah Asia Tenggara. Banyaknya kapal-kapal yang mengangkut barang hasil perdagangan dengan orang Wajo yang berada di luar Wajo. Sehingga pada suatu ketika barang hasil perdangan sudah tidak muat, beliau membangun gudang sebagai tempat untuk menyimpan berbagai bahan, seperti bahan makanan, bubuk mesiu, dan senjata serta orang-orang Wajo juga mendapatkan pelatihan tembak-menembak. Dalam meningkatkan bidang pertanian daerah Wajo beliau menciptakan irigasi (salori’) untuk mengairi lahan pertanian, sehingga hasil produksi panen menjadi meningkat. Saat itulah Wajo kembali mendapatkan kejayaannya, misi-misi beliau semuanya telah terpenuhi kecuali, misi untuk memimpin perang, karena beliau sudah berada pada usia yang udzur. Sehingga beliau meminta Pa’danreng Bentempola untuk memanggil keponakannya agar melanjutkan perjuangannya.
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